Orchids are unique flowering plants under the botanical family Orchidaceae and are one of the largest flowering families in the entire plant kingdom. They occur in almost all the continents except in the polar region. There are over 25,000 species in the world. It is estimated that about 1,300 species of orchids are found in our country with Himalayas as their main home and others scattered in Eastern and Western Ghats. Orchids are a charismatic group and have been called the “pandas of the plant world”. Orchids are sensitive to climate change. “In particular, they are good ecological indicators for the increasing temperatures and aridity associated with widescale deforestation in the tropics. Diminishing orchid populations often signal long-term deleterious environmental change.” (Christenson, 2003). The study of wild orchids has many conservation and scientific benefits, including the use of the orchid family as a base-line indicator of ecosystem health.
A photo blog of the recent Orchid show held at Lalbagh. Browse through these stunning orchids which will keep you spellbound .
It is good to rear hybrid varieties at home.With good care and attention these orchids do thrive in Bangalore . By crossing two different species one can obtain progeny with new characteristics: a mixture of the colors in the parent plants, leaves and flowers of different shapes, improved resistance to disease and more productive varieties. Hybrids are often sterile, which is why they are reproduced through in-vitro cultivation. Hybrids have made it possible to produce thousands of combinations that do not exist in nature. In-vitro cultivation has solved the problem of the tiny likelihood of seed germination in nature where very few seeds come to germinate.The wild varieties are not to be disturbed and collected for personal use and display as they are protected by law.